Viktor Orbán and Judit Varga also distanced themselves from Jourová's insulting statements, and we suspended all contact with the Vice President of the EC. We wrote 2 articles about this, links to the article company.
THIRD QUARTERS OF VOTERS ARE REACHED BY ALL POLITICAL PAGES
The Hungarian press market is balanced, and the same amount of information is obtained from conservative as well as left-liberal sources - according to the latest analysis of the Media Review Center. The study provides a comprehensive picture of the situation of the Hungarian press market, pointing out that the number of left-liberal media has been growing steadily since 2010, and that Hungary's most significant media companies are profitable regardless of their relationship with the government.
1. Easy access
The Hungarian media, regardless of their attitude to the government and their political affiliation, is easily accessible to anyone throughout the country. The population has a particularly high level of equipment: 3.8 million households have 3.7 million television subscriptions; the number of internet subscriptions exceeds the population of the country; 91 per cent of adults have a mobile phone, and 73 per cent of them also use it for internet access - according to the analysis of the Hungarian Media Situation Center. According to them, access to all news sources is widely provided in Hungary, with 89.2 per cent of the population over the age of 18 watching television, 75.4 per cent using the Internet, 50.7 per cent listening to radio and 27.1 per cent reading the print press. In addition, 66.6 percent of the adult population has a Facebook registration, which is the most popular social media platform in Hungary. Nearly three-quarters of those surveyed by the Research Point Workshop, or 74 percent, are at least weekly, and 47 percent are daily consumers of social media news, and 16 percent are the primary source of information for them.
The Media Review Center also examined the political balance of the media market. 95% of the Hungarian adult population, ie 7.7 million people, are regular media consumers, and trust in the media is in line with the EU average. The Hungarian media market is balanced: the same amount of information is obtained from conservative as well as left-liberal sources, the former representing 84 percent, ie 6.8 million, the latter 83 percent, ie 6.7 million people. The number of those who are equally informed by the media on both sides is almost six million, meaning that at least 75 per cent of the electorate is guaranteed access to the views of each political side.
Figure:https://magyarnemzet.hu/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/ otf / 691w / 02mediafogyasztas.jpg
3. Hungarian owned
The last decade has brought a real turnaround in the Hungarian media market, both on the right and on the left. During the change of regime, a number of capital-intensive foreign investors skilled in media operations appeared in Hungary: the German Axel Springer, the Swiss Ringier and the German Bertelsmann dominated the Hungarian media market for two decades. Springer is the publisher, informs the Media Viewing Center. In 2014, Sanoma's interests were acquired by the Central Group, which is owned by the Hungarian billionaire Zoltán Varga, who is said to have a left-liberal connection. Centrál Médiahmä Zrt. Is currently the publisher of one of the largest, million-dollar left-liberal news portals, 24.hu, but it also has a significant market share for public and economic HVG, which is present both in the printed market and online. . Also after 2014, one of the major players in the Hungarian media market, Mediaworks Hungary Zrt., Became Hungarian-owned. Hungarian Nation or Mandiner. One of the most important online portals, origo.hu, also fell into Hungarian hands in 2015, after Magyar Telekom, which is majority-owned by German Deutsche Telekom, sold it to New Wave Media Kft. In 2015. In its analysis, the Media Viewing Center points out that the foreign TV market has a significant foreign presence, as RTL Group owns the RTL Club, which broadcasts the country's most accessible news program, and several major cable channels. However, the TV2 Group is Hungarian-owned, which operates the other dominant national channel, TV2, as a competitor of RTL Klub. The analysis shows that in the market of politically decisive media - in terms of the number of press products - a 95% Hungarian ownership share has developed - the analysis shows.
4. Left-liberal growth
One of the important features of the Hungarian plural media world is that thanks to the permissive legal regulations, it is easy and fast to establish new media, so new press products appear regularly on the Hungarian media market. According to the Media Viewing Center, it is a remarkable phenomenon that the number of left-liberal media has been steadily increasing since 2010, increasing from 33 to 48 by 2020, which means a 45 percent increase. The Hungarian regulation adopted in 2010 prescribes minimum, easily achievable conditions in connection with the establishment of a media: practically only those who wish to launch a new media have an obligation to notify.
Figure:https://magyarnemzet.hu/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/ otf / 519w / 02mediumok-1.jpg
5. They can be profitable
It can be stated that Hungary's most significant media companies, regardless of their relationship with the government, are profitable. In addition to political newspapers, the portfolios of these companies often include thematic and tabloids, which can provide a more stable operating environment while reaching a wider consumer base, and it is not uncommon for them to deal with book publishing or online services. Only Magyar Jeti Zrt., Which publishes the left-liberal 444.hu, is unable to find a - now traditionally - sustainable business model, which can hardly be explained by its (hostile) relationship with the government; .
6. Free from anything
Hungary guarantees the freedom of the press and expression in its constitution and laws, and the Hungarian media market implements these freedoms even to the detriment of individual or community rights, emphasizes the analysis of the Media View Center. This is because media actors or those who express themselves prefer to publish content that violates human dignity, the religious beliefs of communities, but does not shy away from even calling for the violent overthrow of power. On the cover of the Hungarian Orange left-liberal weekly, he portrayed Viktor Orbán with a Hitler mustache, the daily Népszava published a caricature of Christ, and the new online portal of Mérce provided space for revolutionary journalism. The Media Viewing Center notes that the conservative media, however, criticizes the person and activities of György Soros with preference.
Insulting caricature in the People's Word Source: Media Viewing Center:
Figure:https://magyarnemzet.hu/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/ otf / 691w / 02karikatura-1.jpg
7. Strong independence
The media authorities of many EU member states are subordinate to governments, often directly under ministries, while the Hungarian National Media and Communications Authority and its Media Council, in addition to having their own revenues, are subject only to a cardinal law requiring a two-thirds majority in Parliament. This practice also severely removes the media watchdog from the executive, compared to many Member States of the European Union.
8. Severe sanctions
From the examination of the decisions of the Media Council of the National Media and Communications Authority, the Media Review Center clearly states that the Hungarian media authority punishes conservative media more often and more severely than the left-liberal one. More than two-thirds of the cases sanctioned by the independent media authority between 2012 and 2020 were on the right, while less than one-third were related to left-liberal media, with 66 per cent of the fines imposed, ie HUF 357 million conservative, and only 34 per cent, ie HUF 183 million, paid by left-liberal media.
9. Government information
It serves the government to inform the public about the so-called Government briefing, a joint press conference by the Minister in charge of the Prime Minister and the Government Spokesperson, at which representatives of the left-liberal and right-wing media are free to ask any questions. In its analysis, the Media Review Center draws attention to the fact that in parliamentary systems it is rare for Members of Parliament to be able to ask the Prime Minister directly on any subject during parliamentary Question Time without first sending a specific question, to which the Prime Minister is obliged to answer.
10. Bias here and there
The political bias of public service media towards governments has been the subject of constant criticism around the world and across Europe. There are two types of media out of public money in Hungary: public service media and local government press products. The Media Review Center points out that although the greatest attention is usually paid to the previous one, ie the public service media, after the 2019 elections, most of the capital and its districts, as well as ten of Hungary's 23 major cities, came under political opposition. In some places, there was a change of editor-in-chief, and the publicly funded municipal press products of the opposition-led cities began to display the values and messages of the left-liberal side.
Source:https://magyarnemzet.hu/belfold/gyakrabban-es-sulyosabban-buntetik-a-konzervativ-mediat-8737158/ Hungarian Nation