If a political agitprop organization called Greenpeace, Mérce, and other fake news factories followed the Numbers page, they would know exactly what the government is demanding now, long ago, namely 10 years ago. It does not plan, it will not do, but it will do so in the course of practical steps worth many thousands of billions of forints.
We will be climate neutral by 2050, at a price of HUF 50,000 billion. It’s not a spelling, it’s a horribly large amount that we have to produce before that, because no one is going to take over this for us. So, if someone thinks that the goal can be achieved before the target date of 2050, bring about 10-20 thousand billion forints to the demonstration.
We show item by item what the government is doing, what Hungary is doing to make the goal sustainable.
Climate protection, economic development and energy security must be pursued together
Climate protection, economic development and energy security are not mutually exclusive goals, while climate policy goals must be achieved while guaranteeing economic growth and security of energy supply, the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Policy of the Ministry of Innovation and Technology said at the Budapest Climate Summit conference on Friday.
Péter Kaderják emphasized that the investment needs that will serve the transition to carbon-free could provide many opportunities for domestic companies to find business opportunities and create green jobs in the transition.
The Secretary of State recalled that the strategic documents were published at the beginning of the year, Hungary undertook to be climate-neutral by 2050.
Péter Kaderják emphasized that the implementation of the measures had begun. As he said, the flagship project of the energy and climate policy strategy is the gradual decarbonisation of the electricity sector.
If carbon-free electricity is available in large quantities, the second largest polluting sector, transport, can also be partially decarbonised, and there are significant opportunities to replace gas with electricity in the area of heating, he pointed out.
The decisive element of the decarbonisation policy is the removal of lignite from the domestic system by 2030 at the latest, as well as the expansion of renewable energy capacities, especially solar energy, he explained. He added that the modernization of the electricity grid is also needed to accommodate the significant renewable energy capacity.
By achieving the set goals, Hungary is also making progress in the field of energy independence, Péter Kaderják emphasized, indicating that the country's net import demand has been over 30 percent in recent years.
In connection with the phasing out of the most polluting electricity generation technology, the Secretary of State highlighted the phasing out of the lignite-based units at the Mátra Power Plant and the transformation of the power plant into a low-carbon company.
As a result of conscious and consistent work, the government adopted the energy and climate policy strategy documents and set definite goals in them - emphasized László Palkovics, Minister of Innovation and Technology, at the meeting of the Parliamentary Committee on Sustainable Development on Tuesday in Budapest.
Presenting the documents, the Minister recalled, among other things, that Hungary had joined the European Union's expectation to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. However, in order to implement it, it is necessary to know the exact legal, technological and financial environment - László Palkovics indicated the government's position.
According to calculations made by the Ministry of Innovation and Technology (ITM), about HUF 50,000 billion is needed to achieve climate neutrality in Hungary by 2050. This is not only expected from EU subsidies, but especially not from citizens, the biggest polluters will have to bear a significant share of the costs, the minister said. He added that, according to the Hungarian position, nuclear energy is part of the solution to climate problems.
The Minister also mentioned that the Ministry will develop the National Clean Development Strategy necessary to achieve 2050 climate neutrality by the end of the year. He emphasized that the model calculations related to the HUF 50,000 billion cost are carried out on the basis of different approaches. As he said, the amount represents 2-2.5 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) per year for the next 30 years
Speaking about the Mátra Power Plant, László Palkovics said that the goal was to transform it before 2030 so that it would continue to serve the interests of domestic energy security and the economy, but the environmental load caused by the power plant would be eliminated. The Minister also reported on the results of the questionnaires published by the Ministry; among others, he said that more than 200,000 people had completed it and that 92 percent of respondents supported the government’s position to make Hungary climate-neutral by 2050.
Péter Kaderják, ITM Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Policy, said in detail that the new National Energy Strategy focused on providing clean, smart and affordable energy services to consumers. Climate protection, security of supply and competitiveness go together in the plans. As stated, climate protection and economic growth are not contradictory but mutually reinforcing goals.
The Secretary of State emphasized the central role of consumers, strengthening security of energy supply, climate-friendly transformation of the energy sector, and encouraging energy innovation. He emphasized the importance of cost-effectiveness and climate policy measures that add value, reduce import dependence, help maintain the results of overhead reductions, and contribute to economic development through innovative solutions.
Hungary undertakes to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40 percent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. The country will increase the current 13 percent share of renewable energy sources to a minimum of 21 percent by 2030, and also undertakes that by 2030, despite the dynamic economic growth, the energy consumption of the Hungarian economy will not rise above the 2005 level, Péter Kaderják explained.
At a press conference following the committee meeting, Erzsébet Schmuck (LMP), chairman of the board, said she welcomed the fact that the government had begun to take climate policy issues seriously, but considered the goals set out in the documents to be small. As an example, he cited the government’s goal of a 40 percent reduction in carbon emissions by 2030, even though the country had already reached that level in 2013, but has lost it in the past five years. The LMP politician explained he is confident that the government will raise the reduction target.
Erzsébet Schmuck objected that the government intended to legitimize the Paks II with the adopted documents and goals. investment he called unacceptable. According to the chairman of the committee, the planned 21 percent share of renewable energy sources is also low. He also explained that the date of 2029 is too far away for the closure of the Mátra Power Plant, and his party, the LMP, is still proposing 2025. Despite criticisms, Erzsébet Schmuck considered the committee meeting a success.
László Palkovics emphasized at the press conference: the government is not declaring a climate emergency, but is analyzing the situation, drawing conclusions and determining what to do. He also emphasized that the Hungarian government does not accept that the costs of the consequences of climate change should be passed on to people, and that the price of food and energy should not rise as a result. In the EU negotiations, Hungary is trying to enforce this, he added.
Regarding emissions reductions, he said: Hungary has indeed approached a 40 per cent reduction in CO2 emissions, but due to government measures taken after the 2008 crisis, the economy was not in a position in 2013 to sustain it. The economy has been growing since 2013, and as a result, in 2018, despite the economy expanding by more than 5 percent, carbon dioxide emissions fell by 0.7 percent, the minister explained.
He said that if the European Union sets more ambitious goals, Hungary has a good chance of being able to achieve them. With regard to renewable energy, he also mentioned that the set 21 percent is the minimum target, and the rate reached by 2030 may be even higher. László Palkovics also emphasized that without nuclear energy, climate targets are unachievable.
‼ ️Let's look at the details, concrete examples:
The title of the document is "Information for the Hungarian Government
energy and climate policy directions, goals, activities ", which is available to everyone, its content is supported by facts.
This is the "National Energy and Climate Plan"
We plan to reduce GHG emissions by 95% by 2050 compared to 1990, with an estimated total cost of approx. It will be HUF 50,000 billion. (The government doesn't understand its weight, does it?)
‼ ️Some results:
• National afforestation program: 450 million trees planted in 10 years
• The country's emissions have fallen by 32% since 1990
• Railway development: 660 km will be renovated between 2018 and 2023, 440 km long line will be electrified,
and a new trail or second (third) track will be built at 200 kilometers. The amount of the developments is HUF 1,000 billion.
• Development of railway transport: 115 new locomotives, 70 new IC wagons, 40 double-decker "KISS" trains, renovation of existing rolling stock.
• Paks II project: clean energy instead of coal.
• Development of public transport infrastructure: Development of stations, stops and railway stations, construction of intermodal centers.
• Development of a cycle path network: 1,500 kilometers of new cycle paths have been built in 10 years.
• Energy modernization, thermal insulation, etc. of public institutions: schools, kindergartens, hospitals, surgeries, offices will be renewed in the order of thousands.
• Encouraging household renewable energy investments
• Non-refundable Grants: Home Warmth Program
• Repayable grants: concessional loan program
• Operating subsidies: heat pump tariff, discounted solar billing: 12,000 residential
heat pump and ca. 40,000 solar power systems with a total household size of 330 MW in 2018
Support for municipal energy investments based on local renewable energy sources:
• Sustainable development, support for innovative corporate solutions ("10 billion for Áder" ...)
• Investment grants for Operational Programs: 54 schemes
• Making district-heated dwellings controllable and equipping them with cost allocators: HUF 2 billion subsidy
frame, making the heating system of up to 12,500 flats controllable, smartening
Significant expansion of PV capacities, introduction of the METÁR tendering system:
• Decreased need for support by one third, two and a half times oversubscription in the Pilot tender
• Green license plates and related discounts: more than 16,000 green license plates
• Electric car and charger installation subsidies: 2082 cars with HUF 4.5 billion and 171 HUF with 425 million HUF so far
• Green Bus Program: HUF 36 billion subsidy following a HUF 1.6 billion pilot project
• Energy efficiency TAO discount: 323 projects in 2018, TAO discount requested after HUF 7.3 billion investment
‼ ️Today's news: MVM has already built 45 solar power plants out of the planned 110:https://energiaoldal.hu/negyvenot-naperomuvet-epitett-az-mvm-hmä-az-orszag-keleti-es-delnyugati-reszen/
‼ ️Question: What is 1% LMP talking about, Greenpeace, Mérce and other fakenews.
https://www.kormany.hu/hu/innovacios-es-technologiai-miniszterium/energiaugyekert-es-klimapolitikaert-felelos-allamtitkar/hirek/egyutt-kell-ervenyre-juttatni-a-klimavedelmet-a-gazdasagfejlesztest-es- energy security