Demagogic energy policy and climate strategy
Sweden is out of power! (video)
Orban-Likachov meeting: the Paks investment is on schedule
Thick II. - our sovereignty cannot be negotiated
He received a permit to establish an energy office in Paks II. power plant
Viktor Orbán and Emmanuel Macron wrote a joint letter to the European Commission
In Germans, it is now ripe to realize that abandoning nuclear power and putting renewable energy into the mass system will lead to disaster. This is evidenced by a call on the independent opinion portal openpetition.de that the Bundestag, the lower house of the German parliament, should urgently revoke its anti-nuclear decision, which it took on 30 June 2011 a few months after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident. While the Germans have now realized that the Energiewende and the atomic stop are a total impasse, Hungarian opposition politicians are still trying to forge political capital out of the fact that Paks II. they are campaigning to stop a project.
As evidenced by the German appeal, the electorate there realized that they had been put on a bad horse when Chancellor Angela Merkel was allowed to sacrifice nuclear energy on the altar of her current political interest. The hectic production of weather-dependent renewables, solar and wind power plants, which are systematized by mass and cannot guarantee security of supply, is pushing the entire European electricity system to the brink of collapse. The pan-European blackout was just a hair's breadth away on January 8, 2021 (you can read about this in detail here and here). This, as in Texas, would have led to the collapse of critical infrastructure. It is also appalling to think about the realization of the energy delusions of the domestic opposition in the current pandemic situation. Due to the epidemic, thousands of human lives depend on a reliable power supply. This is risked by the anti-nuclear policy of MSZP, DK, Momentum and LMP, which threatens the security of supply of Hungary.
But let’s stick to the professional questions, the stubborn facts that support why the German path should be avoided! Since the turn of the millennium, but especially at a forced pace after the Fukushima nuclear accident, Germany has put into operation hectic-producing, weather-dependent renewables, mainly solar and wind power, while shutting down all German nuclear power plants still in operation by the end of next year.
Gas and coal-fired power plants instead of atoms
It is quite clear that the “place” of decommissioned German nuclear power plants will not be taken over by solar and wind power plants, but by fossil power plants. Proof of this is the fact that electricity production by German gas-fired power plants has doubled in the last five years, and coal-fired power plants still play a significant and unavoidable role. The permanent shutdown of nuclear power plants that are still in operation, and the planned decommissioning of coal-fired power plants by 2038 for climate protection reasons, threatens severe capacity shortages. This is why it is so important for Germany to build and commission the Nord Stream-2 gas pipeline system, which the US is trying to prevent. It is clear that without Russian gas, with the shutdown of nuclear power plants and coal-fired power plants, the German renewable golem on its clay feet would immediately fall to its knees. In Germany, CO2 emissions fell by 80 million tonnes last year, but two-thirds of this is due to a reduction in consumption caused by the coronavirus epidemic, without which the reduction would have been only 25 million tonnes. All this also means that as the epidemic ends, as German economy grows, German output will increase again.
Today, Germany's security of supply can only be ensured by nuclear power plants, coal and gas, which have been shut down, when the production of solar and wind power plants is minimal and even imports are often required. For the sake of coal-fired power plants, villages and even churches are still being demolished to open new coal mines in their place. One of the most tragic consequences of German energy policy is that the decommissioned nuclear power plant units will be replaced by fossil power plants in the future. According to an American study, the air pollution they cause is responsible for the premature deaths of 1,100 people a year.
Brain-supported renewables vs. cheap atom
In total, German renewables have received around € 330 billion in support over the last twenty years. This amount was essentially taken out of the pockets of consumers by the German government. The installed capacity of solar and wind power plants has increased from 20,500 MW in 2005 to 117,000 MW, ie more than five times by 2020. At the turn of the millennium, German households were forced to pay 13.94 eurocents per kilowatt-hour.
The unwavering support system for renewable energy has evolved into a real bureaucratic monster in recent years. That is why last summer, German government intervention was now needed to reduce the EEG surcharge to prevent further increases in electricity prices. However, this comes at a heavy cost, as the German budget is forced to spend € 11 billion this year and next to make up for the shortfall in EEG funds to support renewables. Without it, household electricity prices would have risen by nearly 10 percent.
Despite government interventions, the amount of the EEG fund this year is planned to be close to 34 billion euros (about 12,500 billion forints)! Political “pressure” on electricity prices does not seem to have achieved its goal, with a Berlin household consumer paying only 32.87 cents (today: 121 HUF) for 1 kWh of electricity last December, up from 33.78 cents in February this year ( 124 forints), while in Budapest you only have to pay 38 forints for it. This is due to the fact that half of the electricity in Hungary is generated by the cheap Paks Nuclear Power Plant.
By comparison, the two new Paks units, the VVER-1200, will cost € 12.5 billion. The Germans could only build 5 of these types of nuclear power plant units out of this year’s support for renewables, and they would be left with even a small one. They could produce about 43 TWh of climate-friendly electricity per year and shut down a coal-fired power plant with the same capacity, preventing 35 million tonnes of CO2 emissions per year ...
German industry is also very worried…
Under German law, the amount of system usage fees for large industrial customers is calculated on the basis of the “physical route to the nearest suitable power plant”. Large power plants are largely close to large industrial consumers. If a nearby coal or nuclear power plant is shut down to the next “adequate,” mean, a power plant capable of continuous production will be farther away, so as the distance increases, so do system operating costs.
There is an alarming atmosphere in the German aluminum, steel and chemical industries. Sectors that are particularly dependent on competitive energy prices suddenly realize that the phasing out of coal and nuclear power plants has serious consequences that have not been thought of before. The system usage fee, which is one of the largest items in the electricity bill, is practically doubling overnight. This effect has so far affected only a few large consumers, but due to further shutdowns of primary power plants, more and more companies will soon receive a much higher electricity bill, which could significantly worsen the competitiveness of German industry.
Physics and weather are making politicians everywhere
On 1 January 2021, 11 coal-fired German power plants with a capacity of 4,700 MW were permanently shut down. Operators also received compensation for early closure. However, the shutdown of these power plants lasted only 8 days, as on January 8, on a dark, snowy, cold and windless day in Germany, solar and wind power plants barely produced, import opportunities narrowed, but electricity demand was huge, so among the shut down power plants more were instructed to resume production immediately. The reason is pros: In Germany, there has been little electricity.
For example, the Heyden-4 coal-fired power plant unit, which was permanently shut down on 1 January but was still required to operate, had to be commissioned six times by the end of February, for example, to guarantee security of supply. In addition, additional decommissioned coal-fired power plants are required to be on standby as a back-up power plant. Uniper, for example, wants to shut down Ingolstadt’s oil-fired power plant, but doesn’t get permission to do so.
We can also say that the “energy transition” due to decommissioned coal-fired power plants failed before it even began. Physics restores German politicians with noble simplicity.
Obviously, the date of January 8 is no accident. On this sunny day, we were separated by only one hair from a massive power outage across Europe (you can read about this in detail here and here). This systemic problem is also indicated by the case of Sweden, where, like Germany, they want to banish nuclear power plants that can produce day and night, in winter and summer, while relying 100% on renewables. The domestic anti-nuclear opposition party and their politicians are silent about all this, probably because it does not fit in with the Paks II. into their mantra against.
The facts Paks II. they speak for
Fortunately, instead of opposition politicians, the facts speak for themselves. A Paks II. The return of the nuclear power plant is clearly supported by the completed investigation of the European Commission, as the results show that the two new units will not only return the money invested, but also generate significant profits. A Paks II. project will bring a 7.35 percent annual return to the Hungarian state over its entire life cycle. The calculations also include, for example, the costs of waste management and future decommissioning.
The economics of nuclear power plants are also supported by prestigious professional organizations. Last year, a study by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development's Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD NEA) was published, which shows that the cost of electricity from nuclear power plants will be lower in the near future. This is due to the fact that the lessons needed for new construction projects have now been drawn. In this way, nuclear energy can remain the most reliable, low-carbon technology with the lowest expected unit costs.
As Móricka imagines ...
“Cheap,” or as domestic opposition politicians like to refer to them, free solar and wind farms only exist in the tale. Renewables are viable with huge direct and indirect subsidies. A good example of this is that, according to a European Commission publication, between 2008 and 2018, renewables in the European Union received a total of € 612 billion in support. But as an example, in 2019, domestic renewables received a total of about HUF 59 billion through the support systems, which increased the amount of electricity bills of users not entitled to universal service by HUF 2.2 / kWh. The leader of the LMP faction, Lórló Keresztes, who also has a degree in economics and a diploma in economics, should also talk about this when he announces to the world that there is no need for nuclear energy. After all, András Fekete-Győr, the candidate for prime minister of Momentum, already knows that the solar power plant is actually a nuclear power plant ... Well, yes ...
German voters have found, to their own detriment, that energy policy decisions are not until the next election, but will define everyday life for decades. Hopefully, knowing the above, people at home will understand why energy policy should be entrusted to competent politicians. The healthy energy mix in Hungary is based on nuclear energy and solar power plants, because then there will definitely be electricity in the socket. The rest is empty speech.
Source:Atombiztos - Zsolt Hárfás' s blog👍